The Republic of Rwanda is a small landlocked country in Central Africa that was a German (1890) and later a Belgian (1916) colony. Its official languages are English, French and Kinyarwanda. The majority of citizens practice to Christianity (Catholic or Protestant). There are two ethnic groups in Rwanda: Hutu(majority) and Tutsi(minority). The disputes between these two communities, which were instigated by the West, culminated in a Civil War and, evnetually, the Rwandan Genocide of 1994, during which up to 800,000 people were murdered. The civil war caused the entire economy to collapse. The country relies on imports of large quantities of food as well as other goods. Exports consist mainly of coffee and tea. Recently Rwanda has adopted a national programme called “Vision 2020” where finances coming mostly from foreign development aid are invested into public education. However, lack of electricity and poor internet connection are hindering development of education and economy. Most inhabitants of Rwanda live in poverty with a daily income of under $1.
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